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BitField utilities for JavaScript.

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Table of Contents


  • Written in TypeScript
  • Bundled with esbuild so it can be used in NodeJS and browsers
  • Offers CommonJS, ESM and UMD bundles
  • Fully tested


You can use the following command to install this package, or replace npm install with your package manager of choice.

npm install @sapphire/bitfield


Note: While this section uses require, the imports match 1:1 with ESM imports. For example const { BitField } = require('@sapphire/bitfield') equals import { BitField } from '@sapphire/bitfield'.

// Require the BitField class
const { BitField } = require('@sapphire/bitfield');

const PermissionFlags = {
Read: 1 << 0,
Write: 1 << 1,
Edit: 1 << 2,
Delete: 1 << 3
const PermissionsBitField = new BitField(PermissionFlags);

const DetailedPermissionsFlags = {
ReadMessages: 1n << 0n,
ReadChannels: 1n << 1n,
CreateMessages: 1n << 2n,
CreateChannels: 1n << 3n
// ...
const DetailedPermissionsBitField = new BitField(DetailedPermissionsFlags);

Warning: If the source is a TypeScript enum of numbers, you may use the enumToObject utility to turn it into a strict typed 1-way object.

const { BitField, enumToObject } = require('@sapphire/bitfield');
const { ActivityFlags } = require('discord-api-types/v10');

const PermissionsBitField = new BitField(enumToObject(ActivityFlags));

Note: An exception will be thrown in the constructor if a non-object, null, empty object, or objects with values that aren't all numbers or all bigints.


You can resolve bitfields from raw numbers, strings, or arrays of them. All of BitField's methods call resolve internally, making the usage a lot easier.

// 1 [Read]

PermissionsBitField.resolve(PermissionFlags.Read | PermissionFlags.Write);
PermissionsBitField.resolve([PermissionFlags.Read, PermissionFlags.Write]);
PermissionsBitField.resolve(['Read', 'Write']);
// 3 [Read + Write]

// 0 [∅]

// Out-of-bounds fields are masked by `PermissionsBitField.mask`:
// 0b10001 (17) -> ~~0b10000 (16, invalid)~~ | 0b0001 (1, Read)
// 1 [Read]

// Invalid names will cause a `RangeError` to be thrown:
// thrown RangeError('Received a name that could not be resolved to a property of flags')

// Invalid types, or non-array objects will cause a `TypeError` to be thrown:

// Number BitFields do not accept bigints:
// BigInt BitFields do not accept numbers:

For simplicity, we will be using arrays of strings for the rest of the README, but any of the above alternatives are available.

Checking for the existence of any bit

Useful for checking if at least one of B's bits are included in A.

PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Read']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Write']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Write', 'Edit']);
// true

PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Edit']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Delete']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Edit', 'Delete']);
// false

Checking for the existence of one or multiple bits

Useful for checking if all of B's bits are included in A, or in other words, A is a superset of B.

PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Read']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Write']);
// true

PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Write', 'Edit']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Edit']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Delete']);
PermissionsBitField.any(['Read', 'Write'], ['Edit', 'Delete']);
// false

Getting the field's complement

Gets the complement of a field, or the result of excluding A from all of the BitField's mask.

// 14 [Write + Edit + Delete]

PermissionsBitField.complement(['Read', 'Write']);
// 12 [Edit + Delete]

PermissionsBitField.complement(['Read', 'Write', 'Edit', 'Delete']);
// 0 [∅]

Getting the union of different fields

Useful for adding multiple fields into one.

PermissionsBitField.union(['Read'], ['Write'], ['Edit']);
// 7 [Read + Write + Edit]

// 0 [∅]

Getting the intersection between different fields

Gets the intersection of all the fields.

PermissionsBitField.intersection(['Read', 'Write'], ['Write']);
// 2 [Write]

PermissionsBitField.intersection(['Read'], ['Write']);
// 0 [∅]

Getting the symmetric difference between different fields

The summetric difference is basically the union of the difference between A and B and vice versa (bits from A that aren't in B, and bits from B that aren't in A), or XOR, useful for retrieving the bit difference between two fields.

PermissionsBitField.intersection(['Read', 'Write'], ['Write', 'Edit']);
// 5 [Read + Edit]

PermissionsBitField.intersection(['Write'], ['Write']);
// 0 [∅]

Formatting a field

We can format fields in two ways, one is with arrays:

PermissionsBitField.toArray(PermissionFlags.Read | PermissionFlags.Write);
PermissionsBitField.toArray([PermissionFlags.Read, PermissionFlags.Write]);
PermissionsBitField.toArray(['Read', 'Write']);
// ['Read', 'Write']

And another is with objects:

PermissionsBitField.toObject(PermissionFlags.Read | PermissionFlags.Write);
PermissionsBitField.toObject([PermissionFlags.Read, PermissionFlags.Write]);
PermissionsBitField.toObject(['Read', 'Write']);
// {
// Read: true,
// Write: true,
// Edit: false,
// Delete: false
// }

Buy us some doughnuts

Sapphire Community is and always will be open source, even if we don't get donations. That being said, we know there are amazing people who may still want to donate just to show their appreciation. Thank you very much in advance!

We accept donations through Open Collective, Ko-fi, PayPal, Patreon and GitHub Sponsorships. You can use the buttons below to donate through your method of choice.

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Please make sure to read the Contributing Guide before making a pull request.

Thank you to all the people who already contributed to Sapphire!